1. If you travel abroad and
dare to reach the Himalayas, you will be in the natural country of
takins (say TAH-kin). Takins resemble both goats and antelopes in their
features. They have few predators, only wolves and bears, because of
their exceedingly tough horns and large bulk. While some animals live haphazzardly,
takins have organized social groups. When one group member notices a
predator, they make a large coughing sound that alerts everyone.
2. Takins routinely travel
between the upper regions and lower regions of mountains. In the
spring, they form large herds of about a hundred animals and migrate
upwards toward the treeline where they can eat sufficiently.
In the winter, when food is more scarce, they migrate down the mountain
in smaller groups of between ten and thirty animals. Though they are
large animals, they are comparatively swift when they leap from rock to rock while escaping a predator.
3. In America, takins are exclusively found at zoos. They are not native to our continent. Indeed,
they have extreme adaptations for weathering harsh terrain. They have
special nostrils which warm the air before it reaches their lungs. This
allows them to weather life in the Himalayas. Due to habitat loss, they
are now a protected species in China. American zoos have been
successful in raising newborns. Theoretically,
information from both zoos and natural experiments will give us enough
information to allow this interesting animal to survive.
Answer the Questions (answers are at the bottom of the page):
1. What is the main idea of this story?
A. Takins are an endangered species from the Himalayas.
B. Takins are a combination of goat and antelope.
C. Takins are Asian animals that migrate through the mountains and are now a protected species.
D. Takins have comparatively large horns compared to other antelopes.
E. No one knows why takins migrate from the upper to the lower regions of mountains.
2. Which statement is an inference, not a fact?
A. Takins have large horns.
B. Takins can move swiftly in rocky terrain.
C. Takins are able to warm air before it reaches their lungs.
D. Takins lost their habitat because of farming and human population increase.
E. Takins are able to breed in captivity.
3. Which statement is true, according to the passage?
A. Zoos are making an effort to save the takins.
B. The Chinese are doing nothing to save the takins.
C. Many groups are helping the takins to breed in captivity.
D. There are fewer than one thousand takins in the wild today.
E. Takins are not protected in India.
4. Match the words with their definitions:
a. not done in an organized way
b. done on a regular schedule
c. as compared to another
d. in fact
e. having enough
comparatively f. out
of the country
g. in extreme, very much so
h. according to thought or theory
i. only for one or for a select group