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Grammar and Idioms For Young People

English Grammar

Using Adjectives in Sentences

Adjectives describe nouns. They can be used at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a sentence.

Angry, the man threw down his newspaper.
The man, very angry,  threw down his newspaper.
The angry man threw down his newspaper.
The man threw down his newspaper, crumpled.

Young and beautiful, the girl danced.
The girl, young and beauitful, danced.
The young and beautiful girl danced.
The girl danced at sunrise, young and beautiful.

Wild with grief, the old woman cried.
The old woman, wild with grief, cried.
The old woman cried, wild with grief.

Using Adverbs in Sentences

Adverbs describe verbs or action. They tell how something happened (with -ly ending). They can also tell when something happened (now, then) or where it happened (here, above, nearby). They too can be used at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a sentence. Adverb clauses use the words "as" and "however."

Surprisingly, the sick man stood up and smiled.
The sick man, surprisingly, stood up and smiled.
The sick man stood up and smiled, surprisingly.

Now and then I give to charity.
I give, now and then, to charity.
I give to charity now and then.

Near our city there are many small towns.
There are, near our city, many small towns.
There are many small towns near our city.

As soon as the doctor returns from lunch, he will see you.
The doctor, as soon as he returns from lunch, will see you.
The doctor willl see you as soon as he returns from lunch.

However much you need, I will give it to you.
We wanted to stay in Virginia; however, we had to move south to get work.
The social is informal. You can dress however you please.
* See "when" and "while" phrases under conjunctions.

Tip 1: If you write regularly, try to change the placement of your adjectives and adverbs. This makes your writing more interesting.

Tip 2:  If you give speeches or presentations, remember that details (adjectives and adverbs) will make your words memorable.

Tip 3: Which is best: beginning, middle or end? To write or speak in an interesting way, use all three.


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