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English Pronunciation: Standard American English Vowel Sounds


Study the American English vowels with the chart below. This is a quick, simple guide.
To view longer word lists, go to 500 Words Practice: Short Vowels and Long Vowels.



Pronunciation Video

Short Vowels
Examples Long Vowels
Examples Other Sounds
Examples


Short A Cat, Apple Long A Late, Rain A to O ()o
Down, Ouch

Short E Pet, Fell Long E Meet, Bead
Relaxed U (ṻ) or ()

Good, Book

Short I Sit, Fish Long I Fight, Pie Y as Final Letter**

city, try

Short O Off, Hot Long O Hope, Boat


Short U (schwa*) Up, Fun Long U Only Flute, Boot Y + Long U
Cute, Music


What is a vowel?
A vowel is a sound that is created without diverting or blocking sound. The main vowels are A, E, I, O, U. Think about these sounds and compare them to the consonants (all the other letters). For instance, B is made by closing the lips (blocking sound). S is made by lightly pressing the tongue against the top of the mouth (diverting sound). When you speak the vowels, your mouth is open and fairly relaxed.


Though vowels do not divert or block sound, there is facial movement in creating them. In fact, in American English, most vowel sounds are large and we move the mouth a lot. The only vowels with little facial movement are the Short E, the Short I and the Short U.

Long vowels say the names of the letters. These sounds usually have more complicated spellings, especially a silent vowel nearby.


The 750 Business Words pronunciation class includes 12 complete lessons on vowel sounds and spelling patterns. This class is great for intermediate to advanced speakers.


* The phonetic name for the short U is "schwa." This is the simplest sound you can make. Relax completely and breathe out.
Vowels in unstressed or common words sometimes reduce to the schwa sound--for instance the "a" in "around" or the "o" in "brother."

** Y is also partly a vowel. Y has three sounds: the Y in "yes," the Y in "happy" and the Y in "try."


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