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English Grammar

Negative Statements

Create negative statements in the present and past with a form of "to do" plus a verb. For progressive, perfect and future tenses add "not."

Simple Present
Present Progressive
Present Perfect
Simple Past
Past Progressive
Past Perfect
I don't go to movies.
I'm not going to the movie
I haven't gone to a movie lately.
I didn't go to the movie.
I wasn't going to the movie.
I hadn't gone to a movie in a long time.
I won't go to the movie tomorrow.
He doesn't eat mushrooms.
He's not eating the mushroom dish.
He hasn't eaten mushrooms in years.
He didn't eat the mushrooms.
He wasn't eating the mushrooms.
He hadn't eaten mushrooms since he was a child.
He won't eat mushrooms.
They aren't happy.
They haven't been happy lately.
They weren't happy.
They hadn't been happy in a while.
They aren't going to be happy. They won't be happy.
She doesn't like me.
She hasn't liked me lately.
She didn't like me before.
She hadn't liked me in a long time.
She won't like me after I do this.
We aren't finished yet.
We haven't finished the project.

* Note: unless someone wants to stress "not," negative statements are usually spoken with contractions.
** Some verbs do not work well as negatives in progressive tenses. People usually don't say "liking." Also, it is unlikely that one would say, "not finishing" since "haven't finished" would be more clear.


To express questions, use question words: who, what, where, when, why with "to be." You can also begin with "is/are" or "do."

Question Word + to be
Questions with "Is/Are" and "Do"
When are you going to the party?
Are you going to the party?
How is your mother?
Is your mother O.K.?
Where is the store?
Is the store on this street?
Who are these people?
Are these people from your company?
What is the address?
Do you know the address?
Why was the meeting at 8:00am?
Did you schedule the meeting for 8:00am?

Negative Questions

A regular question is a request for information. A negative question implies that the speaker already knows what is correct. Form negative questions with the words below: do, could, should, is/are/was/were, why is/are/was/were.

Did you cancel the appointment?
Didn't you cancel the appointment?
Could you help me with this problem?
Couldn't you help me, please?
Should you explain it to her?
Shouldn't you explain it to her?
Are you going to visit your mother?
Aren't you going to visit your mother?
Why is she coming?
Why isn't she coming?



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